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How to Resolve “We couldn’t update system reserved partition” Error in Windows 10 Installation

We couldn’t update system reserved partition” - What is it?

Customers will most likely encounter the “We couldn’t update system reserved partition” error when upgrading to Windows 10 from Windows 7 or Windows 8.1. This error may also come with error code 0xc1900104 or error code 0x800f0922.

Solution

Restoro box imageError Cause

“We couldn’t update system reserved partition” Windows 10 upgrade error is normally caused by too little space on the System Reserved Partition (SRP). The System Reserve Partition is an additional small partition created by Windows, which stores boot files. The SRP can be filled up with security apps and third-party anti-virus. Once this partition has insufficient space, the system will not be able to upgrade to Windows 10.

Further Information and Manual Repair

Caution: The following steps are complex and need to be done by experienced users especially using the command line. Once an error is made in entering commands, there’s a chance that your device can be put in a no-boot situation, or data stored on the device can possibly get lost.

To upgrade to Windows 10, your device needs to have at least 15MB free space on the System Reserved Partition. Follow the procedure below and then try upgrading again.

First, know if the System Reserved Partition is whether in GPT or MBR partition style:

  1. Open the Run window by pressing the Windows key + R. Type msc in the window then press Enter.
  2. Right-click on the Disk where SRP is located then select
  3. Click over the Volumes
  4. On the Partition Style line, you’ll see which partition style your device is using, either Master Boot Record (MBR) or GUID Partition Table (GPT)

Second, determine which method you will need:

Depending on what partition style your device has and whether you’re currently on Windows 7 or Windows 8/8.1, there are various methods you need to do.

Method 1: Windows 7 or 8/8.1 with GPT partition

  1. Click on the Start button and search for cmd. In the results, right-click on Command Prompt then choose Run as administrator. The command prompt window will appear.
  2. Type mountvol y: /s at the command prompt then press Enter. This command will add the Y: drive letter where you can access the System Partition.
  3. Type taskkill /im explorer.exe /f then hit Enter. Afterward, restart explorer in Admin mode by typing exe and hitting Enter.

NOTE: While in Admin mode, some apps like OneNote will not run.

  1. Open File Explorer then type Y:EFIMicrosoftBoot in the address bar. Hit Enter.
  2. Choose the language folders you want to permanently delete. Language folders are named with four letters split with a hyphen. For instance, you want to delete the German language: choose de-DE.
  3. Optional: You can also delete unused font files for more space. Type Y:EFIMicrosoftBootFonts in the address bar then press enter.
  4. Once you permanently deleted the unnecessary files, reboot the device to return to explorer.exe to normal mode and remove the Y: drive letter.

Method 2: Windows 7 with MBR partition

Doing this method will make a permanent, but small increase in the free space of the device’s SRP.

  1. Delete language folders

a. Open the Run window by pressing the Windows key + R. Type diskmgmt.msc then hit Enter.
b. Select System Reserve partition then right-click on it.

c. Choose Change Drive Letter and Paths then select Add.

d. Type Y for the drive letter then click OK.

e. Click on the Start button and search for cmd. In the results, right-click on Command Prompt then choose Run as administrator. The command prompt window will appear.

f. Type Y: at the command prompt then press Enter.

g. Once you’ve switched to drive Y, type takeown /d y /r /f . then hit Enter.

NOTE: Ensure that the space and period after “f” is included in order for the command to work properly      

h. Type icacls Y:* /save %systemdrive%NTFSp.txt /c /t then hit Enter to back up the permission to the drive.

NOTE: Ensure that all files are marked as successful and that no files are marked as failed.

i. Type whoami then hit Enter. Record the username that appears. Afterwards, type icacls . /grant <username you got from whoami>:F /t then press Enter.

NOTE: Ensure that there’s no space between the username and “:F” or the command will not work.

j. In the File Explorer, open the SRP drive and select the Boot folder. Choose the             language folders you want to permanently delete. Language folders are named      with four letters split with a hyphen. For example: de-DE is the German language          while en-US is the U.S. English language.

2. Truncate the NTFS Log:

a. Open the Command Prompt then type chkdsk /L Y: to check the size of the NTFS Log. If the NTFS Log size is less than 5000KB, you need not truncate the file.

b. Type chkdsk /L:5000 /X /F then hit Enter to truncate the NTFS Log.

c. Return to Disk Management window. Select Action menu then select Check if the device’s SRP now has a larger amount of free space. Once there’s enough space, right click the System Reserve Partition then select Change Drive Letter and Paths. Choose Y: then select Remove.

3. If there’s still not enough available space after truncating the NTFS Log, resize the USN journal:

a. Open the command prompt then type fsutil usn queryjournal Y: to display the size in hex value. Convert the hex value to decimal then divide it by 1048576. The result you will get will be in MB. If the journal size is 30MB or more, proceed with truncating the file.

NOTE: To convert the Hex value to Decimal, open the Calculator app in Windows then choose View menu. Select Programmer then choose Hex. Type the Hex value then choose Dec.

b. Type fsutil usn deletejournal /D /N Y: then hit Enter to delete the journal. Type fsutil usn createjournal m=1500 a=1 Y: to recreate the journal having the new log size value.

  1. Restore permissions

a. Type icacls Y: /restore %systemdrive%NTFSp.txt /c /t in the Command Prompt. Check if the files were successfully processed before proceeding. If you see a message saying some files failed while processing, this is normal since some of the files have already been deleted before performing a backup. However, if there are no successful files indicated, the command was not properly executed.

b. Type icacls . /grant system:f /t then hit Enter to adjust the ACL back to System. Now, you can set the owner of the drive by typing icacls Y: /setowner “SYSTEM” /t /c then press Enter.

c. Check if the device’s SRP now has enough free space by going back to Disk Management and refreshing the data. If the SRP already has sufficient space, you can now remove the drive letter. Right-click on the System Reserved Partition then choose Change Drive Letter and Paths. Select the Y: drive then choose Confirm deleting the drive letter by clicking OK.

Method 3: Windows 8/8.1 with MBR partition

This method makes a larger, but temporary, increase in the SRP free space.

1. Be sure you have an external drive having at least 250 MB free space and formatted as NFTS.

2. Open Run by pressing the Windows key + R. Type mscthen to choose the Recovery Partition. Right-click on it then choose Change Drive Letter and Paths.

3. Select Add then type Y for the drive letter, click

4. Click on the Start screen then type cmd in the search bar. In the results, right-click on Command Prompt then choose Run as administrator. The command prompt window will appear.

5. Switch to another drive by typing Y: in the command prompt. Once you’re in the drive Y, type takeown /d y /r /f .

NOTE: Ensure that space and period after “f” are included in order for the command to work properly.

  1. Type whoami then hit Enter. Record the username that appears. Afterward, type icacls . /grant <username you got from whoami>:F /t then press Enter.

NOTE: Ensure that there’s no space between the username and “:F” or else the command will not work.

  1. Once the command is completed, type attrib -s -r –h Y:RecoveryWindowsREwinre.wim then hit Enter.
  2. Open File Explorer and check the drive letter of the external drive you’re using (In this case, let’s assume F: is the drive letter of the external drive so when you see F: for the rest of the steps, this means the drive letter of the external drive you’re using).
  3. Type mkdir F:RecoveryWindowsRE in the Command Prompt then hit Enter. Afterward, type xcopy Y:RecoveryWindowsREwinre.wim F:RecoveryWindowsREwinre.wim /h
  4. Type C:WindowsSystem32Reagentc /SetREImage /Path F:RecoveryWindowsRE /Target C:Windows to map the new path
  5. Verify if the copy was successfully done then type del Y:RecoveryWindowsREwinre.wim /F
  6. Return to Disk Management window. Click on the Action menu then hit Check if the device’s SRP now has a larger amount of available space. Once there’s enough space, you can proceed with the upgrade.
  7. Upon completion of the upgrade, move back the wim file to the Recovery Partition. At this point, you can re-map now the location by:
    1. Open the Command Prompt then type xcopy F:RecoveryWindowsREwinre.wim Y:RecoveryWindowsREwinre.wim /h and press Enter.
    2. Type C:WindowsSystem32Reagentc /SetREImage /Path Y:RecoveryWindowsRE /Target C:Windows to re-map to the original path.
  8. Return to the Disk Management window. Right-click on the Recovery Partition then choose Change Drive Letter and Paths. Select the Y: drive then choose Remove.

Method: Download a Powerful Automated Tool

Not inclined to go through a long and technical process (as highlighted above)? Download and install a powerful automated tool and get the job done in a jiffy.

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World-class AntiMalware Protection: Built upon a greatly acclaimed anti-virus engine, this malware removal application can find and remove numerous stubborn malware threats like browser hijackers, PUPs, and ransomware that other typical anti-virus applications will miss. Real-time Threat Response: SafeBytes gives complete and real-time security for your computer. They’re extremely effective in screening and getting rid of numerous threats since they’re regularly improved with the latest updates and alerts. “Fast Scan” Features: Safebytes Anti-Malware, using its enhanced scanning engine, provides ultra-fast scanning which can quickly target any active online threat. Website Filtering: Through its unique safety ranking, SafeBytes notifies you whether a site is safe or not to visit it. This will ensure that you’re always certain of your online safety when browsing the internet. Light-weight: The program is lightweight and can run silently in the background, and will not have an effect on your PC efficiency. 24/7 Premium Support: SafeBytes provides you with 24/7 technical support, automatic maintenance, and software upgrades for the best user experience. Simply put, SafeBytes has developed a meaningful anti-malware solution that is aimed to protect you against various malware. Malware issues can become a thing of the past when you put this tool to use. So if you’re seeking the very best malware removal application out there, and when you don’t mind shelling out a few bucks for it, go for SafeBytes Anti-Malware.

Technical Details and Manual Removal (Advanced Users)

If you wish to manually remove Motitags without using an automated tool, it may be possible to do so by removing the application from the Windows Add/Remove Programs menu, or in cases of browser extensions, going to the browsers AddOn/Extension manager and removing it. Additionally, it is advised to factory reset your web browser to its default state to fix corrupt settings. Finally, check your hard drive for all of the following and clean your computer registry manually to get rid of leftover application entries after uninstalls. Please remember that only advanced users should try to manually edit the system files simply because removing any single vital registry entry leads to a serious issue or even a PC crash. Moreover, certain malicious programs have the capability to defend against its removal. Carrying out this in Safe Mode is recommended.
Folders: C:\Program Files\Motitags_94 C:\Program Files\Motitags_94EI C:\Users\(username)\AppData\Local\Motitags_94 C:\Users\(username)\AppData\LocalLow\Motitags_94 C:\Users\(username)\AppData\LocalLow\Motitags_94EI C:\Users\(username)\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\g75s8p2u.default\extensionsffxtbr-bs@Motitags_94.com C:\Users\(username)\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\g75s8p2u.default\extensionsffxtbr@Motitags_94.com C:\Users\(username)\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\g75s8p2u.default\Motitags_94 Files: Search and Delete: 94auxstb.dll 94auxstb64.dll 94bar.dll 94barsvc.exe 94bprtct.dll 94brmon.exe 94brmon64.exe 94brstub.dll 94brstub64.dll 94datact.dll 94dlghk.dll 94dlghk64.dll 94feedmg.dll 94highin.exe 94hkstub.dll 94htmlmu.dll 94httpct.dll 94idle.dll 94ieovr.dll 94medint.exe 94mlbtn.dll 94Plugin.dll 94radio.dll 94regfft.dll 94reghk.dll 94regiet.dll 94script.dll 94skin.dll 94skplay.exe 94SrcAs.dll 94SrchMn.exe 94srchmr.dll 94tpinst.dll AppIntegrator64.exe AppIntegratorStub64.dll BOOTSTRAP.JS chromeffxtbr.jar CHROME.MANIFEST CREXT.DLL CrExtP94.exe DPNMNGR.DLL EXEMANAGER.DLL FF-NativeMessagingDispatcher.dll Hpg64.dll INSTALL.RDF installKeys.js LOGO.BMP NP94Stub.dll T8EPMSUP.DLL T8EXTEX.DLL T8EXTPEX.DLL T8HTML.DLL T8RES.DLL T8TICKER.DLL UNIFIEDLOGGING.DLL VERIFY.DLL 94EIPlug.dll 94EZSETP.dll NP94EISb.dll Registry: Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run Value: Motitags_94 Browser Plugin Loader Data: 94brmon.exe Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run Value: Motitags Search Scope Monitor Data: C:\PROGRA~1\MOTITA~2\bar.binsrchmn.exe” /m=2 /w /h Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run Value: Motitags Home Page Guard 32 bit Data: C:\PROGRA~1\MOTITA~2\bar.bin\AppIntegrator.exe Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run Value: Motitags EPM Support Data: C:\PROGRA~1\MOTITA~2\bar.binmedint.exe” T8EPMSUP.DLL,S Key HKCU\Software\AppDataLow\Software\Motitags_94 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Motitags_94 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\MozillaPlugins\@Motitags_94.com/Plugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\Motitags_94bar Uninstall Firefox Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects\6df8a038-1b03-41eb-a92b-0e82de08ee4a Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects\598f4e85-2ee6-43a8-bf43-c75c82b925fe Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.ToolbarProtector.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.ToolbarProtector Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.ThirdPartyInstaller.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.ThirdPartyInstaller Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.SettingsPlugin.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.SettingsPlugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.ScriptButton.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.ScriptButton Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.RadioSettings.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.RadioSettings Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.Radio.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.Radio Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.PseudoTransparentPlugin.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.PseudoTransparentPlugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.MultipleButton.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.MultipleButton Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.HTMLPanel.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.HTMLPanel Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.HTMLMenu.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.HTMLMenu Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.FeedManager.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Motitags_94.FeedManager
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Fix The update isn’t applicable in Windows
There are times when you install a Windows update to your Windows 10 computer but you only got an error message saying, “The update isn’t applicable to your computer”. This is unusual as Windows was the one that downloaded them in the first place. To understand the reason behind this error, read on as this post will also give you a couple of suggestions you can try to fix the problem. One of the main reasons why this error occurs is that your computer might not have the required installed updates and many more. Other reasons include:
  1. The update might be replaced. There are instances when a newer Windows version is already available on the computer and that the version you are trying to manually install is an older version which is why the Windows update failed.
  2. The update might already be installed. There are times when the update process is still in progress and the earlier payload might have already been installed.
  3. It could also be that it’s a wrong update for architecture. As you know, updates are designed accordingly based on the architecture of the computer so if the update you are trying to install does not match the architecture of your CPU then it’s no wonder you’re getting an error message.
  4. Your computer might be missing a prerequisite update. There are Windows updates that depend on other updates so if you missed one and you’re installing another one, it could be the reason why you’re getting the error.
To fix the problem, here are some suggestions that might help.

Option 1 – Try verifying the package and the Processor Architecture

As pointed out earlier, updates are made according to the Windows versions. Thus, if one of the updates failed to install, you need to check if it’s applicable or not. The best way to do that is by searching the Windows update name on the official website of Windows. It could be that the Processor Architecture is not compatible with the Windows Update you are trying to install. If you have an X86-based processor, you can’t install x64-based installations of Windows and vice-versa. This usually happens when you’ve downloaded the update manually and then tried installing it.

Option 2 – Try checking if the update is old

The issue might be because you are trying to install an old Windows update which is why it didn’t work. To check, go to Settings > Update and Security > View Update history. From there, you can look for the update.

Option 3 – Try checking if the update is already installed

To verify the update, just go to the Windows Update history once more as you did in option 2, and then see if the update is already installed or not.

Option 4 – Try checking the prerequisites

AS mentioned earlier, there are some updates that depend on other updates before they get installed on your computer. The best way to verify is by checking the Microsoft Knowledge Base (KB). And to verify if the prerequisite updates are installed or not, just run the command below in PowerShell:
get-hotfix KB1111111, KB2222222, KB3333333
Note: In the command given above, you need to replace “KB1111111, KB2222222, KB3333333” with the actual update KB numbers.

Option 5 – Try running the Windows Update Troubleshooter

As you know, Windows 10 has various auto-repair built-in tools to help users fix small issues which used to get fixed manually. And in this case, you will need the Windows Update Troubleshooter to fix the issue.
  • Go to Settings and click on Update and Security.
  • From there, click Troubleshoot and click on Windows Update and then click the “Run the troubleshooter” option.
  • After that, it will try to detect and automatically fix common issues in the Windows Updates which can be resolved by Windows itself. Note that the process may take several minutes before it completes so you need to wait until it’s done. Once it’s done, in case you have some pending update that wasn’t realized by the system early on, it will apply the fix right away and restart the Windows Update service.
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Fix Bad Image Error Status 0xc000012f
When you run a program in Windows 10, error 0xc000012f may pop up, mentioning that the files and binaries you’re trying to run are corrupted. Error 0xc000012f means Bad Image, denoting that the program’s executable or one of the supporting modules is corrupt. Or there is probably a DLL mismatch. This error usually manifests itself after a windows update or after installation of some application, in order to fix it follow the steps below:
  1. Perform SFC scan

    Press ⊞ WINDOWS + X to open the Windows menu keyboard with windows and x markedFrom the menu choose command prompt (admin) Windows menu command prompt adminIn command prompt type sfc /scannow and press ENTER Leave the computer for the operation to be completed and Reboot your computer
  2. Run DISM

    Press ⊞ WINDOWS + X to open the Windows menu keyboard with windows and x markedFrom the menu choose command prompt (admin) Windows menu command prompt adminin command prompt type: DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth and press ENTER wait for the process to be finished and Reboot your computer
  3. Reinstall application

    If this error has been popping up after the application install remove the installed application and install it again. There is the possibility that the application installer has by accident corrupted some files, reinstalling it might fix the issue.
  4. Uninstall Windows update

    In some cases, Windows update can introduce this issue, go to Windows updates, into advanced options, and uninstall the latest update to see if this will fix the error.
  5. Install Visual C++ Redistributable

    Go to the official Microsoft website and download C++ redistributable package and install it
  6. Install new windows update

    If there is a new Windows update install, there is a chance that in the last update something went wrong and it is very likely that it was fixed in the last one.
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Fix Qualcomm Atheros Qca61x4a Driver Issue
Qualcomm Atheros Qca61x4a Driver is a software driver used in WI FI communication between OS and device itself. When this driver stops working usually it means loss of connection and no internet available. This error knows to comes frequently and repeat itself over long periods of time which makes it quite annoying. If you are one of the unlucky users of Windows who get this error please keep reading in order to eliminate it and continue working on your computer normally.
  1. Disable & Enable the Qualcomm Adapter Driver

    Press ⊞ WINDOWS + X to open the secret menu, click on the device manager. In device manager expand network adapters. Right-click on Qualcomm Atheros Qca61x4a wireless network adapter and click on disable Right-click on Qualcomm Atheros Qca61x4a wireless network adapter and click on enable
  2. Rollback the Qualcomm Adapter driver

    Press ⊞ WINDOWS + X to open the secret menu, click on the device manager. In device manager expand network adapters. Right-click on Qualcomm Atheros Qca61x4a wireless network adapter and click on properties Under properties, window click on Driver tab and left-click on Roll Back driver (if the option is greyed there is no previous driver, follow next step) Choose your reason and click on OK
  3. Update Qualcomm Atheros driver to the latest version

    Press ⊞ WINDOWS + X to open the secret menu, click on the device manager. In device manager expand network adapters. Right-click on Qualcomm Atheros Qca61x4a wireless network adapter and click on Update Driver
  4. Install the new driver in compatibility mode

    Right-click on the installer package and choose properties Go to the compatibility tab Choose compatibility settings and install.
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