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Facebook messengers alternatives

People are becoming more and more concerned with their privacy and Facebook's flagship messaging application is caught between it all. While still widely popular it has becoming to lose its ground due to many unanswered questions about privacy encryption.

Lucky for all of us there are alternatives for more secure messaging.

SIGNAL

Arguably the most secure of all well-regarded messaging apps, Signal is the favorite of the European Commission, as well as newsrooms around the world. While Signal doesn’t disclose how many daily or monthly users the app has, Google’s Play Store says it has been installed more than 50 million times. While using Signal, each voice or video call connected through the app includes full end-to-end encryption.

Signal takes an extra step by hiding message metadata so that the location of the original message is missing. While it asks for your mobile number, that number isn’t used with your profile. Instead, it acts as a numeric username. Once registered, you will find 1-1 chat, audio, and video calls, disappearing or “secret” chats, and a privacy lock so nobody can access the app even if they have your phone. Best of all, it’s completely free to use.

TELEGRAM

One of the biggest competitors to Facebook Messenger (and WhatsApp), Telegram is a very strong alternative. With more than 400 million users, it offers an interface that should feel right at home for anyone coming from Messenger. Telegram offers some huge benefits over Messenger, including features like groups that can hold up to 200,000 members for a chat. There is no limit on your media or chat size, and you can share all types of files between users and in groups.

From a privacy standpoint, Telegram has robust security, but it is worth noting that only “secret” messages are end-to-end encrypted and can self-destruct. Non-secret messages can be stored on Telegram’s servers so you can pick them up between your devices quickly. That’s a consideration worth knowing prior to making Telegram your default Messenger replacement. Telegram is free across all platforms.

THREEMA

Rising in popularity, Threema is another privacy-focused alternative that has quickly become a competitor to Facebook Messenger. This paid service ($2.99 on both App Store and Play Store) is a pay-once, use forever option. Once you pay the small fee, you gain all of Threema’s touted privacy options, like open-source end-to-end encryption for both messages and calls.

Like Signal, Threema won’t require you to link any phone numbers or emails to your account. All chats are handled anonymously, and the service generates a random user ID when you first open and register for the app. No data is collected from any of your chats and no ads are shown.

The Swiss-made app does have its own servers hosted in Switzerland, which do not store any chat messages. Another privacy benefit of Threema is the notion that all of your contact lists, groups, and user profiles are hosted on your device, not on the Swiss servers. Because of that, Threema can once again state that none of your personal info is stored anywhere they have access.

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Fix An unspecified error 0x800700b7
If you receive an error that says, “An unspecified error occurred during System Restore (0x800700b7)” when you tried to restore your Windows 10 PC, worry not, for this post will help you resolve the problem. This kind of error typically occurs when System Restore was not completed successfully and fails instead with this error. Before you start, you must not abruptly shut down your computer and wait for the error to occur. You may receive this error due to many possible reasons. It could be caused by your antivirus program that’s not letting the process complete or corrupted system files which causes the failure or it could also be caused by an unsuccessful installation of a Windows Update. Here are some fixes you can check out if you can still boot into your computer:

Option 1 – Try to disable your antivirus program

Disabling the antivirus program or any security software installed in your computer is always a good idea you can try when the System Restore process does not go smoothly. So before you try updating your computer again, make sure to disable the antivirus or security program and then run System Restore again, don’t forget to enable the antivirus program back again.

Option 2 – Run the DISM tool

The next thing you can do is run the DISM tool. This tool is known to repair potentially corrupted files in your system as having them could also system issues like the blank dialog boxes. To repair these corrupted system files, you can run the DISM commands:
  • Tap the Win + X keys and click on the “Command Prompt (Admin)” option.
  • After that, input each one of the commands listed below sequentially to execute them:
    • Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
    • Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
    • Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  • Once you’ve executed the commands given above, restart your computer and check if the problem is now fixed.

Option 3 – Run the System File Checker

System File Checker or SFC is a built-in command utility that helps in restoring corrupted files as well as missing files. It replaces bad and corrupted system files to good system files that might be the cause why you’re getting the errors 0x8024a11a and 0x8024a112. To run the SFC command, follow the steps given below.
  • Type “cmd” in the Start search and then right-click on the appropriate search result.
  • Next, select “Run as administrator” to open Command Prompt with admin privileges.
  • After opening Command Prompt, type in sfc /scannow
The command will start a system scan which will take a few whiles before it finishes. Once it’s done, you could get the following results:
  1. Windows Resource Protection did not find any integrity violations.
  2. Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files and successfully repaired them.
  3. Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files but was unable to fix some of them.
  • Now restart your computer and see if the problem is fixed or not.

Option 4 – Try to run the System Restore in a Clean Boot State

If the first three given options didn’t work and the service still keeps on failing even though the service is running, you can try putting your computer in a Clean Boot State and then try to run System Restore again.
  • Log onto your PC as an administrator.
  • Type in MSConfig in the Start Search to open the System Configuration utility.
  • From there, go to the General tab and click “Selective startup”.
  • Clear the “Load Startup items” check box and make sure that the “Load System Services” and “Use Original boot configuration” options are checked.
  • Next, click the Services tab and select the “Hide All Microsoft Services” check box.
  • Click Disable all.
  • Click on Apply/OK and restart your PC. (This will put your PC into a Clean Boot State. And configure Windows to use the usual startup, just simply undo the changes.)
  • Now try to run System Restore again and see if the process goes smoothly.

Option 5 – Run the Windows Update Troubleshooter

You might also want to run the Windows Update Troubleshooter as it could also help in fixing the problem with System Restore. To run it, go to Settings and then select Troubleshoot from the options. From there, click on Windows Update and then click the “Run the troubleshooter” button. After that, follow the next on-screen instructions and you should be good to go. On the other hand, if you can’t boot into your Windows 10 computer, here are some fixes you can try instead:

Option 6 – Try running System Restore in Advanced Startup Options

If you cannot boot into your Windows 10 computer, you can try to run System Restore again in the Advanced Startup Options.
  • Boot your computer into the Advanced Startup Options screen.
  • From there, you will see some options to troubleshoot when you can’t log in to Windows in the usual way.
  • Now select Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > Command Prompt.
  • After that, type “rstrui” and hit Enter to execute the command which will start the System Restore process.

Option 7 – Run the SFC scan and DISM via Advanced Startup Options

Like what you did in the first given option, you can use the Advanced Startup Options to run both System File Checker and DISM. All you have to do is boot into the Advanced Startup Options and from there select Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > Command Prompt. After accessing Command Prompt, you can run the System File Checker scan first by entering the “sfc /scannow”. As for DISM, you can run the “Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth” command.

Option 8 – Try to run the Automatic Repair Utility

You might also want to use Automatic Repair in fixing the error. To do so, follow the steps below.
  • You can start by creating and booting from a bootable Windows 10 USB Stick.
  • After that, click on Repair your computer located in the bottom left corner when you are on the initial Windows Startup screen.
  • Next, click on Troubleshoot, and then on the other screen, click the Startup Repair option.
  • Now select the operating system you want to repair. Once you do that, it will start to repair your operating system. Wait until the process is completed and then check if the problem’s now fixed.
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Are gaming mousepads worth their price?

Mousepads are a common thing among computer users, everyone is using them and know what are they good for. Recently in the past few years, there are a lot of gaming mousepads on the rise, do you really need them, and do they back up their price? Short answer: YES, long answer: keep reading below.

gaming mousepad

Size advantage

One of the first things that one can see is the great difference in sizes between a regular mouse pad and a gaming one. Gaming pads have much more variety in size spawning all the way to really judge ones that you can use on your whole desk and place both keyboard and mouse on them. This will, of course, let you move your mouse more freely and have a much larger surface to use without the need to always lift the mouse up and center it on the regular pad.

Material advantage

Material on what are gaming pads built upon is extremely high in quality and usually even water phobic or water-resistant and it will allow great mouse movements on it. The backside is usually made of high-quality fabric that will stop slipping on the desk so the pad will stay at its pace during long sessions of work or gaming. Usually, standard mousepads are made with plastic or some other cheap material whereas gaming pads are made from fiber, high-quality fiber.

Other advantages

Among other great stuff that gaming pads have are wrist gel for hand resting and RBG light that looks cool, although RGB light is just a vanity that looks good gel for the wrist is a really good feature that will place less stress on your hands during long sessions of time spent in front of the computer.

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How to fix disk signature collision problem
As you know, storage devices are an important part of the computer system for porting, saving, and extracting data files. And for you to differentiate between storage devices on your computer system, each one of the storage devices is labeled with a unique number referred to as Disk Signature for identification. The unique disk identifier is stored as a part of the MBR or Master Boot Record. Disk signature is used by operating systems in order to identify and set apart different data storage devices and hard disk drives in the computer for data access. These days, Disk cloning has become a regular practice in upgrading to larger hard disk drives. Drives are cloned in order to produce a similar copy to use both the original drive and cloned copy together. Moreover, lots of virtualization tools are being used to virtualize the physical hard disk drives to create virtual hard disk drives and several virtual machine clones that are created with the existing virtual hard disk drives. And since these are identical copies, chances these copies may have identical disk signatures. As a result, when you use both disks that have identical signatures at the same time you run into the Disk Signature Collision problem. This kind of problem does not often occur as the Windows system does not really allow two disks to function simultaneously when they have the same disk signature. When you encounter a Disk Collision problem in your Windows 10 computer, you may see the following error messages:
  • The boot selection failed because a required device is inaccessible
  • The disk is offline because it has a signature collision
  • This disk is offline because it has a signature collision with another disk that is online
You can fix the disk collision problem by changing the disk signature which you can achieve using the command line utility diskpart in Windows PowerShell or Command Prompt or using Windows Disk Management utility. To fix the disk collision problem, you can make use of the command-line utility called diskpart in Windows PowerShell or Command Prompt to view and change the signature, or can make use of Master Boot record in the Windows Registry. You can also make use of Windows Disk Management Utility to change the signature. Simply follow the given options below to change the disk signature either way.

Option 1 – Change Disk Signature via Diskpart

  • Type “command prompt” in the Windows Search bar and then right-click on the related search result and select the “Run as administrator” option.
  • After that, type the “diskpart” command and hit Enter to open Diskpart.
  • Next, type the “list disk” command to display all the disks available in the system.
  • Next, take note of the problematic disk number with the status Offline from the list and then type the “Select disk x” command where x is the offline disk to select the offline disk. For instance, if you type “select disk 1”, it will display the “Disk 1 is now the selected disk” message.
  • Now type the “Uniqueid disk” command to display the disk signature and to change the disk’s signature and set the disk online, type the “unique disk ID= (New signature)” where (New signature) is the new ID in hexadecimal. For instance, you can set the new id as “unique disk ID= 1456ACBD”.
Note: If you have given the wrong format ID, the command prompt will display the following error:
“The specified identifier is not in the correct format. Type the identifier in the correct format: in hexadecimal form for an MBR disk or as a GUID for a GPT disk.”
  • After you’re done, the disk will be online, and then restart your computer.

Option 2 – Change Disk Signature via Disk Management Utility

  • Tap the Win + R keys to open the Run dialog box and then type “diskmgmt.msc” and hit Enter or click OK to open Disk Management.
  • Next, right-click on the disk that is marked as Missing or Offline.
  • After that, select the Online command from the drop-down menu.
  • Then from the selecting option Online, Windows will generate a new disk signature.
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Fix Error Code 30088-26 in Windows 10
Error Code 30088-26 is shown when the user tries to install the MS Office suite to their PC. It is mostly due to several reasons including corrupted Office installation, the remnant of old office installation, or even Windows updates. We will cover all reasons along with provided solutions to each one. Follow the guide below to address each scenario with the fix for it.

Corrupted Office installation

In order to fix this issue, you will need to repair the installation itself.
  • Press ⊞ WINDOWS + R to open the run dialog keyboard with windows and r marked
  • Inside run dialog type in Control Panel run dialog with control panel typed in
  • In the control panel double click on Programs and features control panel programs and features selected
  • In the list of installed application find MS Office and click on it to select it
  • On top, just above the application list click on the change uninstall office screen
  • Office dialog will be opened with multiple choices
  • Click and select Online repair and then click on Repair
  • Make sure that you have a stable internet connection and leave the process to be finished

Remnants of old office installation

Manually cleaning remnants of old office installation is not an easy task and it can be different from system to system depending on the previous Office version. Luckily Microsoft has a dedicated office cleaning tool made for purpose of removing old tails and remnants of old office installations.
  • Download tool heremicrosoft troubleshooter
  • After the tool has been successfully downloaded, double-click on the .diagcab file to open it
  • Click on Advanced and make sure that the box associated with Apply repair automatically is checked.
  • Click the Next button to proceed
  • Wait until the initial detection phase is complete, then click on Installing at the first prompt
  • Select the program that you’re encountering issues with (most likely Microsoft Office) and click Next once again
  • At the next screen, click on Yes, try to uninstall
  • Wait until the operation is complete, then restart your computer and re-install the Microsoft Office suite

Windows Updates

After digging and trying out various solutions for this issue we came to the conclusion that this error can occur if Windows is not fully updated, and by fully updated we mean fully, not just critical updates, but all available ones. Check-in your setting to see if there are some uninstalled or pending updates waiting to be installed and if that is the case install them all. After completely updating your Operating system error should vanish and you should be able to install Microsoft office without issues.
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Microsoft vs Google & Facebook
microsoft hqMicrosoft wants to escalate the situation from Australia to the EU, what a surprise. Hello all and welcome to another news article, this time we are focusing on Microsoft pushing the EU to accept law proposition from Australia. For all of you who are not familiar with the given situation let me quickly explain. The feud began when the Australian government proposed a new law that targeted Facebook and Google specifically. The government said that it believed that both of the tech giants were using content from news outlets without paying. Have you ever seen the little news snippets that Google or Facebook sometimes show its users to keep them up to date? These are lifted directly from news websites, and the Australian government claimed that this practice meant that people didn't bother visiting the news website. This then staved news websites of revenue. As such, the government put forward a new law that would mean Google and Facebook would have to pay the source website for every time they displayed a news snippet. Facebook responded by removing its Australian news coverage in light of the law. Google, however, put up a fight. It argued that its snippets encouraged people to click on it to read more, thus driving more traffic to the news website. It also said that such a law would be too expensive to maintain in the long run. As such, Google threatened to remove itself from Australia if the law passed. This was likely a scare tactic, as 95 percent of Australian web users use Google; however, it actually opened the door for its rival, Microsoft. Microsoft saw how it could push its own search engine BING to replace google. It of course went and reached the Australian government to assure them that BING is more than capable to fulfill its needs and fully abide by the proposed law. Now Microsoft knows that if this law passes it could see a similar situation happening in Europe and it is pushing it. US News reported on how Microsoft plans to encourage EU countries to adopt this new law too. The company has teamed up with the European Publishers Council and News Media Europe to make the following statement: Publishers might not have the economic strength to negotiate fair and balanced agreements with these gatekeeper tech companies, who might otherwise threaten to walk away from negotiations or exit markets entirely
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How to save google DOC as a PDF

Google Docs has cemented itself as a great free alternative to Microsoft Office Word. Most of the time people just share links to google Docs among themselves but sometimes you need to save and download files.

PDF

Luckily Google docs let you download easily files in various formats including PDF as well. In this short tutorial we will explain how can you download your Google document as a PDF file.

Saving Google Docs as a PDF

Open the Google document inside the browser and click on the File drop-down menu. In the file drop-down menu go to Download and choose PDF document. Next, choose the location where you would like your file to be saved and click on SAVE.

And that's all that needs to be done. Also, you can edit PDF files as well in google docs if you need to.

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Automatically restart apps when you sign back
If you wish to continue where you have left off when you signed out of Windows follow this guide and learn how to continue your work after signing in, restart apps in your Windows. You can set Windows 10 to Automatically save your restartable apps when you sign out and restart them after you sign in. Here’s how:
  1. Right-click on the Windows logo to open the secret menu
  2. Select Settings
  3. Click open Accounts
  4. From the left side, select Sign-in options
  5. Scroll down till you see Restart apps setting
  6. Toggle the Automatically save your restartable apps when you sign out and restart them after you sign in setting to On position
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Fix Boot Device Not Found 3F0 Error
Today we will be solving the Device not found 3F0 error which is a common error, especially among HP (HP Pavilion G6), Lenovo, Acer, and Dell laptops/desktops. This error occurs when the computer is turned ON and when the system is about to boot. It can happen on windows 7,  8, or 10. When a mentioned error occurs one of the following messages will be displayed on your screen:
  • “No bootable device – insert boot disk and press any key”
  • “No Boot Device Found. Press any key to reboot the machine”
  • “Boot Device Not Found. Please install an operating system on your hard disk. Hard Disk (3FO)”
  • “No boot device is available”

The most common reasons for 3F0 error to occur is:

  • Using the unbootable device or disk to boot from.
  • If the bootable hard drive you are using might have corrupted or damaged somehow.
  • MBR or boot sector is damaged on the bootable hard drive.
  • If your system has gone through a virus or malware attack.
  • The wrong boot order in the BIOS.
  • Hard disk connection problem.
  • System files or boot files unknowingly damaged.
  • Corrupt hard drive partitions.
Now all of these being said let us go through some of the solutions and fix this dreaded error in order to get your computer back in working order:

1: Change Boot Order


This is well, the most simple solution and the easiest one, try to change the boot sequence in the BIOS settings of your motherboard. Sometimes most easier solutions can provide great results and solve our problems. If sadly this fails and the issue persists move to the next solution.

2: Perform a Hard Reset


Performing hard reset can often solve issues, to perform a hard reset do the following:
  • Turn off the computer and unplug the power adapter. If there is a removable battery, it should also be removed.
  • Then disconnect all peripherals, including the removable hard drive, etc.
then
  • Press and hold the power button for 15 seconds to drain all remaining power.
  • Insert the battery, and then re-plug the AC adapter into the laptop.
  • Press the power button to turn on the computer.
  • Once the computer starts up properly and the startup menu appears, use the arrow keys to select “Start Windows normally” and then press Enter.
Reconnect everything back of your peripherals. If by any chance problem still persists follow the next step:

3: Test Hard Drive Using HP Diagnostic Tool


Use the built-in tool in the Hp device to solve the issue:
  • Turn on your computer and keep pressing the Esc key until the menu appears on the screen.
  • Next, press the F2 key.
  • Choose the Components Tests option from the HP PC Hardware Diagnostics menu.
  • Select Hard Drive from the Component Tests menu.
  • Click on the Quick Test, then click on the Run once button.
  • If there are still any issues with your hard drive, then run the Extensive Test.

4: Restore BIOS Default Settings


  • Press the Power button to start the computer, and immediately after this, repeatedly press the F10 key to enter the BIOS setup menu.
  • To load and restore BIOS Setup Default settings, press F9 on the BIOS setup menu.
  • Once loaded, press F10 to Save and Exit.
  • Select yes, and then press Enter when it says Exit Saving Changes.

5: Reconnect Your Hard Drive


  • Turn the computer off and remove the power cable.
  • If you have a removable battery, take it out
  • Disconnect your hard drive and then connect it back.
  • Reassemble your computer and turn the computer on to see if it fixed the issue.

6: Fix and Rebuild Damaged MBR


  • Boot from the original installation DVD (or the recovery USB)
  • At the Welcome screen, click Repair your computer.
  • Choose Troubleshoot.
  • Choose Command Prompt.
  • When the Command Prompt loads, type the following commands: bootrec /FixMbr bootrec /FixBoot bootrec /ScanOs bootrec /RebuildBcd.

7: Fix Operating System


  • Prepare a Windows installation disc, CD/DVD or USB flash drive and connect it to your PC.
  • During the installation process, launch Command Prompt.
  • In Windows 7, under the System Recovery Options tab, click Startup Repair.
  • In Windows 8 and Windows 10, click Repair your computer, then select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Automatic Repair (Windows 8) or Startup Repair (Windows 10).

8: Replace the Hard Disk

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Swap between headphones and speakers in 1 sec
Hello and welcome to errortools another tutorial which aims to make your computer life easier and more relaxed. This time we will be talking about how to switch sound output devices in Windows 10 in a matter of seconds between Headphones and external speakers, Between 2 different speakers, or any other audio output device in general. Windows 10 with its updates has really gone from OK to one of the greats, little hacks and shortcuts which every update has introduced have really made life easier. Now, your typical switching from one audio output device to another can be accomplished with your standard go to settings, go to devices, choose audio, pick one which you prefer and click on OK. This way altho nothing wrong with it is a little slow and if you need to switch your output devices several times in a single day often it can be time-consuming as well. Lucky for you we have a quick solution for you.

Switching guide

All right, now in order to be able to actually switch between your audio output devices make sure that all of them are working and that they are plugged in. For example, make sure that both of your headphones and speakers are turned ON and plugged in. Once you have confirmed that everything is in working order:
  1. Click with a left mouse button on a speaker icon located on the right part of your taskbar next to the clock
  2. Click on the small up arrow on the right next to your current audio output device.
  3. The list will open, choose, and left click with the mouse button on your choice.
And that's it, you have changed your default audio output device in a matter of seconds. The good thing about this method is that Windows will remember output audio levels for each device.

Potential issue

If by any chance when switching your audio devices this way freezes volume control just go to the task manager and restart Windows Explorer. To restart Windows explorer:
  1. Press CTRL + ESC to open task manager
  2. Right-click on Windows Explorer
  3. Left-click on restart
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A Quick Guide to Fix Error 0x0000001e
Error 0x0000001e is when you start the Windows XP Setup and you see a message which says something like: STOP: 0x0000001E (0x80000003, 0xBFC0304, 0x0000000, 0x0000001)

Solution

Restoro box imageError Causes

You are most likely to face this error if you restart your PC while the Windows Setup is still under process and yet to complete. Other causes of this error include any of the following conditions:
  1. The drive on which you are installing Windows has insufficient disk space to accommodate the installation.
  2. An incompatible or outdated third-party driver (or more) is installed on your PC which is conflicting with the installation. For instance, this could be a problematic video driver.
  3. The system BIOS has incompatibilities with the installation.

Further Information and Manual Repair

This error is also called the “Bug check code”. The STOP 0x1E signifies that there was an unknown or illegal processor instruction detected by the Windows XP kernel. You will see the exception address which shows up to indicate the root of the problem which is usually a driver or faulty hardware. You should note this address down as well as the link date of the faulty driver or image which includes it. If at any point it becomes impossible for you to handle and you end up contacting the Windows support center to help you out with the process then this information will help you out in making things a lot easier while the support team tries to troubleshoot the problem. The parameters included in the STOP 0x1E error message are the following:
  1. is the exception code which couldn’t be handled.
  2. shows the module’s address where the exception took place.
  3. signifies the exception’s parameter 0.
  4. represents the exception’s parameter 1.
You can use this information which usually is provided in error 0x0000001e message to pinpoint the root cause of the problem and troubleshoot it. In order to fix this error, you need to follow either one of the following procedures as needed according to your situation.

Clean Up Your Disk

local disk propertiesIf your disk doesn’t have ample space to accommodate the installation then you should free up some of the space on your disk to make sure the Windows can be installed on it. You can also reinstall the Windows on another disk that has sufficient space.

Get Rid of the Third Party Driver

If the error 0x0000001e message gives you the name of the driver due to which the installation process is being halted, then get rid of that driver by disabling it or removing it. If the problem is resolved by this then you should contact the manufacturer of the third-party driver and ask them about any newer versions of the driver that wouldn’t conflict with the installation of Windows.

Upgrade System BIOS

Upgrading your system BIOS is something that you can’t do on your own. You will need to find out more about how you can upgrade. For this, you should contact either your PC’s manufacturer or your motherboard’s manufacturer. If nothing else works, you can always make use of the Microsoft Debugging Tools which will provide you ample information about the error message. You will find the Debugging Tools and further information about them including the downloading and installation process on Microsoft’s website.
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