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Should you build a custom PC

Building your own custom PC system can be one of the greatest things you can do to your budget. Instead of going for a rebuild, we will go into detail about why building your own PC is a much better option. Also, note that if you do not possess enough technical knowledge about a topic there are plenty of stores that will offer you advice on components and after all, you can always get help from a friend.

Custom PC

So without further diversion from the topic, let us explore all the benefits of building a custom computer.

Building a custom PC is cheaper

At the first look, this statement does not feel right since when you look at the prebuilt systems you get a feeling that it is much cheaper than do it yourself variant and although CPU and GPU seem like a great deal I beg you to look under the hood on other components. Usually to lower price compromise would be made on other crucial components like SD or power supply, a PC case, or motherboard so even if you have a good CPU and GPU that will not matter much since other components would not be able to catch up with them. After all, prebuild computers will need to pay people who are building them and there is no way that will be cheaper if you just plain went and bought the same components yourself and install them.

When you are in control in choosing each component there is not only being cheaper online, it is flexibility with building itself. You choose which components you want to be stronger and which to be normal. Also, you can choose the exact model of the given component leaving you more in control and open to future upgrades.

More flexibility

Also, it may sound irrelevant but when building your own custom PC you can also choose which company you would like to purchase for each model, yes considering the CPU it is AMD or Intel but when you are buying a case, SSD, GPU, and other components choosing the right company for your needs is also the thing that should not be overlooked.

You can customize it the way you want

Not really a quality argument but with a custom PC build, you can choose would you like that RGB component or not, you choose do you like white or black fans, and many more things. You really can place a personal stamp on the computer making it indeed a personal computer.

You choose OS and applications

When you buy an already prebuilt PC, usually it comes with some sort of OS on it, sometimes it is freedos, Linux and sometimes it is Windows Home. When you get your hands dirty you can place whichever system you want on it and install applications that you use and know and some preinstalled typical apps.

If you like to learn and find out more about various Windows errors, and how to repair them go to our vast archive or use search to find articles that will explain and help you in solving your issue.
However, if you prefer to do things fast and with automatization then we are proposing to use an automated solution for your issues. The applications that we are recommending are RESTORO & DRIVERFIX.
RESTORO is a one-click solution that will take care of your whole system.  This program is a useful tool that could repair corrupted registries and optimize your PC’s overall performance. Aside from that, it also cleans out your computer for any junk or corrupted files that help you eliminate any unwanted files from your system.
DRIVERFIX is the ultimate solution for all of your driver's needs. It fully automates the process of keeping drivers up to date and keeping free from bad and corrupt drivers. With its lightning fast scans and hudge library it is only one click solution for all Windows PC driver needs.
Visit our RESTORO or DRIVERFIX Download pages to inform yourself about all the benefits of this software and get a free trial copy of it.
restoro application screen

RESTORO

One-click automated PC repair solution
restoro box
With RESTORO you can easily
Replace damaged files
Restore performance
Free disk space
Remove Malware
Protects WEB browser
Remove Viruses
Stop PC freezing
DOWNLOAD
RESTORO is compatible with all versions of Microsoft Windows including Windows 11

DRIVERFIX

One-click automated PC driver solution
driverfix box
With DRIVERFIX you can easily
Keep drivers updated
Remove bad drivers
Solve driver issues
Speed up PC
Optimize PC
DOWNLOAD
DRIVERFIX is compatible with all versions of Microsoft Windows including Windows 11

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Windows could not find a driver for adapter
Device drivers serve as a connection between the hardware in your computer and the operating system. So if any of the device drivers fail, the concerned hardware will stop communicating with Windows. And when you encounter some network-related issues, you can run the Network Adapter troubleshooter to fix them. However, this built-in troubleshooter does not work all the time as there are still problems that it can’t fix on its own and you’ll see the following error message:
“Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter.”
If you encounter this kind of error, read on as this post will help you in fixing the problem but before you get started in troubleshooting the problem, try running the Network Adapter Troubleshooter again.
  • Open the Search bar on your computer and type in “troubleshoot” to open the Troubleshoot settings.
  • Next, scroll down and select the “Network Adapter” option from the right pane.
  • Then click on the Run Troubleshooter” button.
  • After that, your computer will check for any possible errors and will pinpoint the root cause of the problem if possible.
Refer to each one of the solutions given below to get started:

Option 1 – Update the Network Adapter drivers

Of course, the first thing you can try to do is to update the Network Adapter drivers to resolve the error.
  • Tap the Win + R keys to launch the Run window and then type in the “devmgmt.msc” command and hit Enter to open the Device Manager window.
  • Under the Device Manager, you will see a list of drivers. From there, look for the Network Adapters and expand it.
  • Then right-click on each one of the Network drivers and update them all.
  • Restart your PC and see if it helped in fixing the BSOD error.
Note: If updating the network drivers didn’t help in fixing the “Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter” error, you can also try to uninstall the very same drivers and restart your Windows 10 PC. After that, the system itself will reinstall the drivers you just uninstalled. Alternatively, you can also download and install the drivers from the manufacturer’s website directly. To reinstall the network adapter driver, refer to these steps:
  • Open the Devices Manager from the Win X Menu.
  • Then locate the device drivers and right-click on them to open the Properties.
  • After that, switch to the Driver tab and click on the Uninstall Device button.
  • Follow the screen option to completely uninstall it.
  • Finally, restart your computer. It will just reinstall the device drivers automatically.

Option 2 – Try running the Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter

Apart from the Network Adapter Troubleshooter, you can also run another built-in troubleshooter in Windows, the Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter, as it can also help you in resolving the “Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter” error.
  • The first thing you need to do is click on Start and then on the gear-like icon to pull up the window for Settings.
  • After opening Settings, look for the Update and Security option and select it.
  • From there, go to the Troubleshoot option located on the left-hand side of the list.
  • Next, select Hardware and Devices from the list and open the Troubleshooter and run it. Once it is doing its job, wait for it to complete the process and then restart the system.
  • After the system restarts, check if the problem’s now fixed. If not, refer to the next option given below.

Option 3 – Try performing a System Restore

You might also want to perform a System Restore that might help you in fixing the error. You can do this option either by booting into Safe Mode or in System Restore. If you are already in the Advanced Startup Options, just directly select System Restore and proceed with the next steps. And if you have just booted your PC into Safe Mode, refer to the steps below.
  • Tap the Win + R keys to open the Run dialog box.
  • After that, type in “sysdm.cpl” in the field and tap Enter.
  • Next, go to the System Protection tab then click the System Restore button. This will open a new window where you have to select your preferred System Restore point.
  • After that, follow the on-screen instructions to finish the process and then restart your computer and check if the problem is fixed or not.
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Fix INVALID_POINTER_READ_c0000005 atidxx64.dll
If your Microsoft Edge browser encountered a Stop Error that says, “INVALID_POINTER_READ_c0000005 (atidxx64.dll)” in your Windows 10 computer, then this indicates that your Graphics card driver is outdated. According to security experts, Microsoft has already acknowledged the problem and stated that this issue exists with Windows 10 v1809, Windows Server 2019, and Windows Server version 1809. Although there is no direct way to resolve the problem, there are still some workarounds you can try. If you are using a RadeonHD2000 or HD4000 series video card, the update will be blocked for you. Some users also claim to experience performance issues with the lock screen or the ShellExperienceHost. However, if you are using AMD, the problem is that it no longer supports Radeon HD2000 and HD4000 series graphics processing units or GPUs. Even though Microsoft is already working for a way to resolve the problem, here are some alternative solutions you can check out:

Option 1 – Update your Graphics card drivers

  • First, boot your computer into Safe Mode.
  • After that, tap the Win + R keys to launch Run.
  • Type in devmgmt.msc into the box and tap Enter or click OK to open the Device Manager.
  • After that, a list of device drivers will be displayed. From there, look for the Display Adapters and click on them.
  • After that, right-click on each entry under the Display Adapters and select the “Uninstall Device” option from the menu.
  • Now restart your computer.
  • After restarting your computer, go to the Settings app and Check for Updates in the Windows Update section.
Note: You also have the option to go directly to the website of your graphics card manufacturers like NVIDIA, Intel or AMD and go to the section called Drivers then check if there’s a new available update – if there is, download and install it.

Option 2 – Try removing AMD Radeon HD2000 and HD4000 drivers

Although this is not exactly a perfect solution, removing AMD drivers will make the operating system fall back to the default GPU available on your motherboard. You also have the option to completely disable the hardware.
  • Tap the Win + X + M keys to open the Device Manager.
  • Next, look for your Graphics card drive, and under Display Adapters, right click on them and click Uninstall device or Disable device.
  • After that, restart your computer. This will disable the AMD drivers so you won’t be able to find them. It will also release the Windows 10 v1809 update on your computer and in case your operating system tries to prompt you with the “New Device found” message, simply ignore it.

Option 3 – Try to use another browser

You might want to use another browser especially when you already updated your computer and Microsoft Edge still keeps on crashing. You can use Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and other browsers as alternatives until you sort out the problem.

Option 4 – Try to remove the Graphics card physically

You might also want to try removing both AMD Radeon HD2000 and HD4000 as they are very old graphics cards. And since AMD is not going to roll out anything, at least on its own if your motherboard has an onboard GPU, it would be best to get rid of the cards. After that, install the Windows v1809 update and then put them back in. You also have the option to install the driver but just don’t use Microsoft Edge.
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Configuring Groove Music Equalizer in Windows
In case you don’t know, Groove Music is due to retire its OneDrive streaming service this month. Despite that being the case, there is actually a workaround you can try to still continue enjoying music streaming. The app also allows you to play your own local files and if required, you can also modify or tailor the experience with new features – for instance, Groove Music brings an Equalizer to the settings of the app. As the name suggests, the equalizer allows you to tweak frequency responses to your liking. On top of being able to tweak individual bands, the equalizer supports few pre-set settings to enable quick changes. This post will guide you on the process of accessing and using the equalizer in the Groove Music app. To get started, refer to the instructions provided below. Step 1: You need to make sure that you are running the latest version of the Groove Music app or version 10.18011.1211.0 or higher in order to use the equalizer in Groove Music. If needed, you can check the version number from Windows Store. Step 2: Open Windows Store and then click on the ellipses icon and select the Downloads and Updates option. Step 3: Next, search for Groove Music and check its version number. Step 4: Now that you’ve verified the version number of Groove Music, you need to open the equalizer setting. It is enabled by default and to access it, click on the gear icon for Settings and select equalizer under the Playback settings. Step 5: After that, the Equalizer window will pop up. It is where you can configure the equalizer settings using the drop-down menu. Here are the following presets you can choose from:
  • Flat
  • Treble Boost
  • Bass Boost
  • Headphones
  • Laptop
  • Portable speakers
  • Home Stereo
  • TV
  • Car
  • Custom
Step 6: Drag the dots upwards or downwards to set your own preferences, as needed. Note: The only downside to this setting is that there is no shortcut available for quick access as you have to navigate through the Settings section manually to access it and change the preset configurations. In addition, the Groove Music app also works on the mobile version of Windows 10.
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Fix DRIVER_PAGE_FAULT_IN_FREED_SPECIAL_POOL
If you suddenly encounter the DRIVER_PAGE_FAULT_IN_FREED_SPECIAL_POOL Blue Screen error on your Windows 10 computer along with the error codes, 0x000000D5, 0xb10BBD9E, 0x0D82DA24, 0Xfecd479D, 0x779827CB then read on as this post will provide you some troubleshooting tips that could help you resolve the BSOD error. Getting this kind of BSOD error means that a driver has referenced memory that was freed earlier and it could also mean that the Driver Verifier Special Pool option has caught the driver accessing memory which was freed earlier. Follow the given options below to fix the DRIVER_PAGE_FAULT_IN_FREED_SPECIAL_POOL BSOD error.

Option 1 – Use the Driver Verifier Manager

The Driver Verifier Manager is another tool in Windows that could help you fix driver-related issues.
  • Type in the keyword “Verifier” in the Cortana search box to search for Verifier in Windows 10.
  • After that, select the option “Create custom settings”.
  • Make sure that you have checked everything except the options “DDI compliance checking” and “Randomized low resources simulation”.
  • Next, select the option “Select driver names from a list” option.
  • Afterward, you have to select all the drivers from any unofficial or third-party provider. To simply put it, you have to select all the drivers that are not supplied by Microsoft.
  • Then click on the Finish button.
  • Open Command Prompt as administrator and execute this command – verifier /querysettings
  • The command you just executed will display the Driver Verifier settings so if you see any of the flags enabled boot your Windows 10 PC into Safe Mode.
  • Open the Command Prompt as admin again and run this command – verifier /reset
  • The command will reset the Driver Verifier. Once the process is done, restart your PC and check.

Option 2 – Try updating SSD firmware

If you have installed SSD on your computer recently and you have started getting the DRIVER_PAGE_FAULT_IN_FREED_SPECIAL_POOL Blue Screen error since then you may have to update the SSD firmware. To fix this, you can download the Intel Solid-State Drive Toolbox from the official website. This toolbox is compatible with Windows 10 and Windows 7 and later versions.

Option 3 – Try running the Blue Screen Troubleshooter

The Blue Screen troubleshooter is a built-in tool in Windows 10 that helps users in fixing BSOD errors like DRIVER_PAGE_FAULT_IN_FREED_SPECIAL_POOL. It can be found in the Settings Troubleshooters page. To use it, refer to these steps:
  • Tap the Win + I keys to open the Settings panel.
  • Then go to Update & Security > Troubleshoot.
  • From there, look for the option called “Blue Screen” on your right-hand side and then click the “Run the troubleshooter” button to run the Blue Screen Troubleshooter and then follow the next on-screen options. Note that you might have to boot your PC into Safe Mode.

Option 4 – Try running Microsoft’s online Blue Screen Troubleshooter

If running the built-in Blue Screen Troubleshooter didn’t work, you can also try running Microsoft’s online Blue Screen Troubleshooter. All you have to do is go to Microsoft’s website and from there, you will see a simple wizard that will walk you through the troubleshooting process.

Option 5 – Try to reinstall or update device drivers of recently installed hardware

If the first few options didn’t work for you, then it’s time to either update or roll back the device drivers. It is most likely that after you updated your Windows computer that your driver also needs a refresh. On the other hand, if you have just updated your device drivers then you need to roll back the drivers to their previous versions. Whichever applies to you, refer to the steps below.
  • Open the Devices Manager from the Win X Menu.
  • Then locate the device drivers and right-click on them to open the Properties.
  • After that, switch to the Driver tab and click on the Uninstall Device button.
  • Follow the screen option to completely uninstall it.
  • Finally, restart your computer. It will just reinstall the device drivers automatically.
Note: You can install a dedicated driver on your computer in case you have it or you could also look for it directly from the website of the manufacturer.

Option 6 – Try disabling Hardware Acceleration

You might want to disable Hardware Acceleration system-wide or for a particular program like Google Chrome and see if it resolves the DRIVER_PAGE_FAULT_IN_FREED_SPECIAL_POOL BSOD error
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Fix Wi-Fi doesn't have a valid IP configuration

In today's time, Wi-Fi is a common occurrence, each household has it, on town squares, there are free Wi-Fi hotspots, etc. But sometimes when relaxing at home WI-Fi can fail on us and stop working. If this happens to you do not lose your mind because we have several troubleshooting help tips and ways to get it back quickly so you can continue with your browsing and using your internet.

wi-fi router

Restart the Router and Computer

Yes, we will start with this typical cliche in IT and tech in general. Surprisingly this method still proves over and over again to be true and effective. Over time some electric components simply start working a little bit differently, electrostatic electricity can accumulate on some parts and they can cause issues. By turning off the device and leaving it for some time you are discharging accumulated electrostatics and placing it again into normal working mode.

Unplug your router and leave it for at least 30s like that, a full 1 min is recommended, and then plug it back. Turn it on and restart your computer in order to reboot addresses.

Reset DHCP

If simple have you tried unplugging it and plugging it back in did not work let us reset DHCP. Click on the start button and type in PowerShell, then click on Run as administrator. Once inside the PowerShell type in the following command followed by ENTER: ipconfig /release and after the command finishes, type in: ipconfig /renew also followed by ENTER key. Try the connection again.

Reset TCP/IP stack

The next thing that we will try if the previous one failed is to reset the TCP/IP stack to eliminate corruption of settings files. Like in the previous step, press Start and type in PowerShell and click on run as administrator. inside type in: netsh int IP reset and press ENTER key. Wait for the process to finish and reboot your PC.

Reset WinSock

WinSock is yet another part of Windows OS that is responsible for network communication and resetting it could solve the issue. Again go to PowerShell as described in previous steps and type in this time: winsock reset and press ENTER. Wait for the process to finish and restart your computer.

Other things you can try

Change TCP IP setting back to automatic if you have set manual Ip address on your computer.

Update your network driver via the manufacturer's website of your network adapter. There is a chance that somewhat updates are available to address some issues discovered.

Factory reset your router on the back by locating the reset button on it and pressing and holding it for around 10s.

Turn off your firewall and antivirus protection in order to eliminate it from blocking your internet access.

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InboxAce Removal Tutorial

InboxAce is a browser extension for Google Chrome developed by Mindspark and gives users easy access to the most popular email clients with just 1 click away. This extension changes your default search engine, as well as your home page to MyWay.com. Several anti-virus scanners have marked this extension as a Browser Hijacker due to its information mining nature.

While installing this extension monitors user browsing activities. It logs the website you visit, the links you click, the products you buy, basically everything that you do in a browser. This information is later used to display unwanted targeted ads that are injected into your search results.

About Browser Hijackers

Browser hijacking means that a malicious code has power over and modified the settings of your internet browser, without your consent. Browser hijacker malware is designed for many different reasons. Typically, it will drive users to particular websites which are looking to increase their advertising campaign revenue. Many people believe that these kinds of sites are legitimate and harmless but that is incorrect. Almost every browser hijacker poses an actual threat to your online safety and it is vital to classify them under privacy risks. Browser hijackers can also permit other malicious programs without your knowledge to further damage the computer.

How to determine if your browser has been hijacked

Signs that an internet browser is hijacked include: the home page of your respective browser is changed unexpectedly; you observe new unwanted favorites or bookmarks added, usually directed to ad-filled or pornography sites; default online search engine is modified; find new toolbars which you did not add; unstoppable flurries of popup advertisements show up on your computer screen; your browser gets slow, buggy, crashes very often; Inability to navigate to particular sites, especially anti-malware and also other security software sites.

How it infects your PC

Browser hijackers might use drive-by downloads or file-sharing websites or an e-mail attachment in order to reach a targeted computer. They also come from add-on applications, also known as browser helper objects (BHO), browser extensions, or toolbars. Other times you may have unintentionally accepted a browser hijacker as part of a software bundle (usually freeware or shareware). A good example of some notorious browser hijackers includes Conduit, Anyprotect, Babylon, DefaultTab, SweetPage, Delta Search, and RocketTab, but the names are continually changing. Browser hijackers can disrupt the user’s web surfing experience greatly, record the websites frequented by users and steal private information, cause problems in connecting to the internet, and then finally create stability problems, making applications and systems crash.

Tips on how to get rid of browser hijackers

Some types of browser hijackers can be effortlessly removed from your PC by deleting malicious software or any other recently installed freeware. But, most hijackers are extremely tenacious and need specialized applications to eliminate them. And there’s no denying the very fact that the manual repairs and removal methods could be a difficult job for a novice PC user. On top of that, there are many risks connected with tinkering around with the system registry files. Anti-malware software is very effective with regards to picking up and eliminating browser hijackers that normal anti-virus application has overlooked. SafeBytes Anti-Malware will counter persistent browser hijackers and provide you real-time computer protection against all types of malware. In addition to anti-malware, a system optimizer program, similar to Total System Care, could help you fix Windows registry errors, get rid of unwanted toolbars, secure your online privacy, and increase overall computer performance.

Find Out How To Install Safebytes Anti-Malware On An Infected PC

Malware can cause all sorts of damage once they invade your computer, starting from stealing your personal details to deleting files on your computer system. Some malware goes to great lengths to stop you from installing anything on your computer system, particularly antivirus programs. If you’re reading this, odds are you’re stuck with a malware infection that is preventing you to download or install the Safebytes Anti-Malware program on your PC. There are a few fixes you could try to get around with this particular problem.

Remove viruses in Safe Mode

If any virus is set to run automatically when Windows starts, entering Safe Mode could very well block this attempt. Just the minimum required programs and services are loaded when you start your PC into Safe Mode. The following are the steps you have to follow to boot into the Safe Mode of your Windows XP, Vista, or 7 computers (visit Microsoft website for instructions on Windows 8 and 10 computers). 1) At power-on/startup, tap the F8 key in 1-second intervals. This will bring up the Advanced Boot Options menu. 2) Use the arrow keys to choose Safe Mode with Networking and press ENTER. 3) When you are into this mode, you should have online access once again. Now, make use of your browser normally and navigate to https://safebytes.com/products/anti-malware/ to download and install Safebytes Anti-Malware. 4) After installation, do a full scan and let the program eliminate the threats it finds.

Switch over to an alternate web browser

Some viruses may target vulnerabilities of a particular web browser that block the downloading process. If you’re not able to download the security software using Internet Explorer, this means malware could be targeting IE’s vulnerabilities. Here, you must switch to another browser such as Firefox or Chrome to download Safebytes software.

Make a bootable USB anti-virus drive

Another option is to save and operate an anti-malware program completely from a Thumb drive. Adopt these measures to run the antivirus on the affected computer. 1) On a clean computer, install Safebytes Anti-Malware. 2) Plug the Thumb drive into the clean computer. 3) Double click on the exe file to open the installation wizard. 4) When asked, select the location of the USB drive as the place where you would like to put the software files. Follow activation instructions. 5) Unplug the pen drive. You may now utilize this portable anti-virus on the affected computer system. 6) Double click the EXE file to open the Safebytes tool right from the pen drive. 7) Simply click “Scan Now” to run a complete scan on the affected computer for viruses.

A Look at the Best AntiMalware Program

If you are looking to download the anti-malware program for your PC, there are various tools in the market to consider but you just cannot trust blindly anyone, irrespective of whether it is paid or free program. Some are very good ones, some are ok types, and some are just bogus anti-malware programs that could ruin your computer themselves! You should select one that is dependable, practical, and has a strong reputation for its malware source protection. When considering commercial antimalware tool options, many people select well-known brands, such as SafeBytes, and they are quite happy with it. SafeBytes is a powerful, real-time anti-malware application that is designed to assist the typical computer end user in safeguarding their computer from malicious internet threats. When you have installed this software, SafeByte's state-of-the-art protection system will make sure that no viruses or malware can seep through your personal computer.

SafeBytes anti-malware takes PC protection to a totally new level with its enhanced features. Here are some of the features you will like in SafeBytes.

World-class AntiMalware Protection: Built on a greatly acclaimed anti-virus engine, this malware removal application can detect and remove numerous obstinate malware threats like browser hijackers, PUPs, and ransomware that other typical antivirus programs will miss. Active Protection: SafeBytes gives you round-the-clock protection for your computer limiting malware intrusions instantly. This software will constantly keep track of your computer for suspicious activity and updates itself continuously to keep abreast of the constantly changing threat landscape. Extremely Speed Scanning: SafeBytes’s virus scan engine is one of the fastest and most efficient in the industry. Its targeted scanning highly increases the catch rate for malware that is embedded in various computer files. Safe Web Browsing: SafeBytes checks and gives a unique safety rating to each and every website you visit and block access to web pages known to be phishing sites, thus protecting you from identity theft, or known to contain malicious software. Light-weight: SafeBytes gives total protection from online threats at a fraction of the CPU load because of its advanced detection engine and algorithms. Premium Support: Skilled technicians are at your disposal 24/7! They will promptly resolve any technical issues you might be experiencing with your security software. On the whole, SafeBytes Anti-Malware is a solid program as it has lots of features and could detect and remove any potential threats. You can rest assured that your PC will be protected in real-time as soon as you put this tool to use. You will get the very best all-around protection for the money you spend on SafeBytes anti-malware subscription, there is no doubt about it.

Technical Details and Manual Removal (Advanced Users)

If you’d like to manually get rid of InboxAce without the use of an automated tool, it may be actually possible to do so by removing the program from the Microsoft Windows Add/Remove Programs menu, or in cases of web browser plug-ins, going to the browsers AddOn/Extension manager and removing it. It is also highly recommended to factory reset your browser settings to their default state. If you choose to manually delete the system files and registry entries, utilize the following list to ensure that you know precisely what files to remove before executing any actions. But bear in mind, this can be a tricky task and only computer professionals could accomplish it safely. Also, certain malware is capable of replicating itself or preventing deletion. You’re urged to do this process in Safe Mode.
Files: Search and Delete: 1gauxstb.dll 1gbar.dll 1gbarsvc.exe 1gbprtct.dll 1gbrmon.exe 1gbrstub.dll 1gdatact.dll 1gdlghk.dll 1gdyn.dll 1gfeedmg.dll 1ghighin.exe 1ghkstub.dll 1ghtmlmu.dll 1ghttpct.dll 1gidle.dll 1gieovr.dll 1gimpipe.exe 1gmedint.exe 1gmlbtn.dll 1gmsg.dll 1gPlugin.dll 1gradio.dll 1gregfft.dll 1greghk.dll 1gregiet.dll 1gscript.dll 1gskin.dll 1gsknlcr.dll 1gskplay.exe 1gSrcAs.dll 1gSrchMn.exe 1gtpinst.dll 1guabtn.dll AppIntegrator64.exe AppIntegratorStub64.dll BOOTSTRAP.JS chromegffxtbr.jar CHROME.MANIFEST CREXT.DLL CrExtP1g.exe DPNMNGR.DLL EXEMANAGER.DLL Hpg64.dll INSTALL.RDF installKeys.js LOGO.BMP NP1gStub.dll T8EXTEX.DLL T8EXTPEX.DLL T8HTML.DLL T8RES.DLL T8TICKER.DLL VERIFY.DLL s_pid.dat 1gEIPlug.dll 1gEZSETP.dll NP1gEISb.dll 000653A1.exe Folders: %APPDATA%\InboxAce_1g\ %PROGRAMFILES%\InboxAce_1g\ %PROGRAMFILES%\InboxAce_1gEI\ Registry: Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.DynamicBarButton Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.DynamicBarButton\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.DynamicBarButton\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.DynamicBarButton.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.DynamicBarButton.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.FeedManager Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.FeedManager\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.FeedManager\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.FeedManager.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.FeedManager.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLMenu Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLMenu\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLMenu\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLMenu.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLMenu.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLPanel Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLPanel\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLPanel\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLPanel.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.HTMLPanel.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.MultipleButton Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.MultipleButton\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.MultipleButton\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.MultipleButton.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.MultipleButton.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.PseudoTransparentPlugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.PseudoTransparentPlugin\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.PseudoTransparentPlugin\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.PseudoTransparentPlugin.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.PseudoTransparentPlugin.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.Radio Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.Radio\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.Radio\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.Radio.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.Radio.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.RadioSettings Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.RadioSettings\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.RadioSettings\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.RadioSettings.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.RadioSettings.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ScriptButton Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ScriptButton\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ScriptButton\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ScriptButton.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ScriptButton.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SettingsPlugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SettingsPlugin\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SettingsPlugin\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SettingsPlugin.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SettingsPlugin.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncher Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncher\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncher\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncher.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncher.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncherSettings Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncherSettings\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncherSettings\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncherSettings.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.SkinLauncherSettings.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ThirdPartyInstaller Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ThirdPartyInstaller\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ThirdPartyInstaller\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ThirdPartyInstaller.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ThirdPartyInstaller.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ToolbarProtector Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ToolbarProtector\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ToolbarProtector\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ToolbarProtector.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.ToolbarProtector.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.UrlAlertButton Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.UrlAlertButton\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.UrlAlertButton\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.UrlAlertButton.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.UrlAlertButton.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.XMLSessionPlugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.XMLSessionPlugin\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.XMLSessionPlugin\CurVer Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.XMLSessionPlugin.1 Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\InboxAce_1g.XMLSessionPlugin.1\CLSID Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\MozillaPlugins\@InboxAce_1g.com/Plugin Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\InboxAce_1g Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_INBOXACE_1GSERVICE Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_INBOXACE_1GSERVICE%#MANIFEST#%00 Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_INBOXACE_1GSERVICE%#MANIFEST#%00\Control Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\InboxAce_1gService Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\InboxAce_1gService\Security Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\InboxAce_1gService\Enum Key HKCU\Software\InboxAce_1g Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\ Value: InboxAce Search Scope Monitor Data: C:\PROGRA~1\INBOXA~2\bar.bingsrchmn.exe /m=2 /w /h Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\ Value: InboxAce_1g Browser Plugin Loader Data: C:\PROGRA~1\INBOXA~2\bar.bingbrmon.exe00\Control Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\InboxAce_1gService Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\InboxAce_1gService\Security Key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\InboxAce_1gService\Enum Key HKCU\Software\InboxAce_1g Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\ Value: InboxAce Search Scope Monitor Data: C:\PROGRA~1\INBOXA~2\bar.bingsrchmn.exe /m=2 /w /h Key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\ Value: InboxAce_1g Browser Plugin Loader Data: C:\PROGRA~1\INBOXA~2\bar.bingbrmon.exe
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RebateInformer Hijacker removal guide for windows

RebateInformer is a browser extension for Google Chrome. This extension monitors the web pages the user is visiting and checks against an affiliate database for various rebates and coupons related to the context of the products being shown in the browser.

This extension analyzes websites your browser visits and attempts to find deals associated with the merchant’s product offerings. If an offer is found, it is injected into the deals page even if it's sold by a different merchant at a higher price. Several anti-virus scanners have marked this extension as Potentially Unwanted, and due to its data mining behavior, it is not recommended to keep it on your computer.

About Browser Hijackers

Browser hijacking is regarded as the web’s constant problem that targets web browsers. It is a type of malicious software that alters your web browser’s settings and redirects you to sites or webpages that you had no intention of visiting. Browser hijacker malware is created for numerous reasons. It redirects you to the sponsored sites and injects adverts on your internet browser that helps its creator generate ad revenue. It could seem naive, but the majority of these websites are not legitimate and may pose a serious threat to your online safety. Additionally, hijackers can make the whole infected system fragile – other dangerous malware and viruses will use these opportunities to intrude into your computer system effortlessly.

Browser hijacking symptoms

There are many different symptoms that indicate the web browser has been highjacked: your browser’s home page is suddenly different; new bookmarks pointing to porn websites are added to your bookmarks; the default internet search engine and the default browser settings are modified; unsolicited new toolbars are added to your browser; numerous pop-up adverts show up and/or your browser pop-up blocker is disabled; your web browser starts running slowly or displays frequent errors; you’re blocked to access the websites of computer security solution providers.

How browser hijacker infects computers

There are several ways your PC could become infected with a browser hijacker. They usually arrive through spam e-mail, via file-sharing networks, or by a drive-by-download. They also come from add-on applications, also called browser helper objects (BHO), browser extensions or toolbars. Sometimes you may have inadvertently accepted a browser hijacker as part of an application package (generally freeware or shareware). An example of some notorious browser hijacker includes Conduit, Anyprotect, Babylon, DefaultTab, SweetPage, Delta Search, and RocketTab, however, the names are continually changing. Browser hijackers could record user keystrokes to collect potentially valuable information that leads to privacy concerns, cause instability on systems, drastically disrupt the user experience, and eventually slow down the computer to a point where it becomes unusable.

Browser hijacker removal

Some browser hijacking can be simply stopped by finding and removing the corresponding malware software through your control panel. Unfortunately, many of the software packages utilized to hijack a web browser are deliberately built to be hard to detect or remove. Furthermore, manual removals require in-depth system knowledge and thus could be a very difficult job for novice computer users. Professionals always suggest users remove any malicious software including browser hijacker by using an automatic malware removal tool, which is better, safer, and quicker than the manual removal technique. Safebytes Anti-Malware features a state-of-the-art anti-malware engine to help you prevent browser hijacker infection in the first place, and mop up any existing problems. And employ a PC optimizer, such as Restoro, to erase all associated files in the registry and fix browser problems.

Can’t Install Safebytes Anti-malware due to the presence of a Virus? Try This!

Malware can cause all sorts of damage once they invade your system, from stealing your personal information to deleting data files on your computer. Some malware sits in between the computer and the net connection and blocks a few or all internet sites that you would like to visit. It could also block you from the installation of anything on your system, especially the anti-malware program. If you’re reading this right now, you’ve perhaps recognized that a malware infection is the real cause of your blocked web traffic. So how to proceed when you want to install an anti-virus application such as Safebytes? Refer to the instructions below to eliminate malware by alternate methods.

Download the software in Safe Mode with Networking

In Safe Mode, you can actually modify Windows settings, uninstall or install some applications, and get rid of hard-to-delete viruses. If the malware is set to load automatically when the computer boots, shifting into this mode may prevent it from doing so. In order to enter into Safe Mode or Safe Mode with Networking, press F8 while the computer is booting up or run MSConfig and find the “Safe Boot” options under the “Boot” tab. As soon as you reboot into Safe Mode with Networking, you could download, install, and update the anti-malware program from there. After installation, run the malware scanner to remove standard infections.

Obtain the anti-malware software using an alternate web browser

Web-based malware can be environment-specific, targeting a particular web browser or attacking specific versions of the web browser. The ideal solution to avoid this issue is to choose a browser that is renowned for its security measures. Firefox contains built-in Malware and Phishing Protection to keep you secure online.

Install anti-malware on a thumb drive

Here’s another solution which is using a portable USB antivirus software that can check your system for malicious software without needing installation. Do these simple steps to clean up your infected PC by using a portable antivirus. 1) Download Safebytes Anti-Malware or MS Windows Defender Offline onto a virus-free computer. 2) Connect the USB flash drive to a USB port on the clean computer. 3) Double-click the Setup icon of the anti-malware program to run the Installation Wizard. 4) Choose the drive letter of the flash drive as the place when the wizard asks you where you want to install the antivirus. Follow activation instructions. 5) Transfer the USB drive from the uninfected computer to the infected PC. 6) Double-click the anti-malware program EXE file on the USB flash drive. 7) Hit the “Scan Now” button to begin the virus scan.

Review of SafeBytes Anti-Malware

These days, an anti-malware program can protect your computer or laptop from different types of internet threats. But how to select the right one amongst various malware protection application that’s available in the market? You may be aware, there are numerous anti-malware companies and tools for you to consider. A few are very good ones, some are ok types, and some are simply just bogus anti-malware programs that can damage your PC themselves! You need to be very careful not to pick the wrong application, particularly if you purchase a premium application. With regards to commercial antimalware tool options, many people go with popular brands, such as SafeBytes, and are quite happy with it. SafeBytes anti-malware is a reliable tool that not only protects your PC permanently but is also quite user-friendly for people of all skill levels. With its most advanced virus detection and repair technology, this software will help you protect your personal computer against infections brought on by different types of malware and other internet threats, including spyware, adware, trojans, worms, computer viruses, keyloggers, potentially unwanted program (PUPs), and ransomware. SafeBytes has got a plethora of features that can help you protect your computer from malware attacks and damage. Here are some typical features found in this application: Real-time Protection: SafeBytes provides round-the-clock protection for your computer restricting malware intrusions instantly. It will check your PC for suspicious activity regularly and its unparalleled firewall guards your PC against illegal entry by the outside world. Robust, Anti-malware Protection: This deep-cleaning anti-malware software goes much deeper than most antivirus tools to clean your personal computer. Its critically acclaimed virus engine detects and disables hard-to-remove malware that conceals deep inside your PC. Safe Web Browsing: Safebytes assigns all sites a unique safety rating that helps you to get an idea of whether the webpage you’re just about to visit is safe to view or known to be a phishing site. Low CPU Usage: SafeBytes is really a lightweight tool. It consumes a very small amount of processing power as it runs in the background so you won’t notice any system performance issues. 24/7 Online Support: Expert technicians are at your disposal 24/7! They will quickly fix any technical issues you may be experiencing with your security software. To sum it up, SafeBytes Anti-Malware offers superb protection combined with an acceptable low system resources usage with great malware detection and prevention. You now may know that this particular tool does more than just scan and delete threats on your computer. So if you are looking for the best anti-malware subscription for your Windows-based PC, we strongly recommend the SafeBytes Anti-Malware tool.

Technical Details and Manual Removal (Advanced Users)

If you do not wish to use malware removal software and prefer to get rid of RebateInformer manually, you may do so by going to the Add/Remove Programs menu in the Control Panel and removing the offending software; in cases of browser plug-ins, you can uninstall it by visiting the browsers Add-on/Extension manager. You will definitely also want to reset your browser. Lastly, check your hard drive for all of the following and clean your registry manually to get rid of leftover application entries following an uninstallation. However, this can be a difficult task and only computer professionals could perform it safely. Also, some malware is capable of replicating itself or preventing deletion. It is highly recommended that you carry out the removal process in Windows Safe Mode.
Files: Search and Delete: baddomaindb.dat domaindb.dat chrRebateInformerSetup.exe RebateBlast.com.url RebateInformer.lnk Help.url RebateBlast.com.url RebateInformer.lnk Settings.lnk Uninstall RebateInformer.lnk npUniPlugin.dll RebateI.dll RebateInf.exe unins000.dat unins000.exe Folders: %APPDATA%\RebateInformer\ %PROGRAMS%\Inbox.com Toolbar\ %PROGRAMS%\RebateInformer\ %PROGRAMFILES%\Inbox.com\ %PROGRAMFILES%\RebateInformer\ Registry: key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\CToolbar\PlugIns\REBATEINF key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Rebate Informer key HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\CToolbar\PlugIns\REBATEINF key HKCU\Software\CToolbar key HKLM\SOFTWARE\CToolbar key HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts\.crdownload key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\4EF645BD-65B0-4F98-AD56-D0437B7045F6_is1 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\CToolbar_UNINSTALL key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Installer\UserData\Crawler key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects\CCB69577-088B-4004-9ED8-FF5BCC83A039 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\RebateInf.RebateInfObj key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\RebateI.RebateInformImageGen key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\RebateI.Rebate Informer BHO key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CToolbar.TB4Server key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CToolbar.TB4Script key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\ctbcommon.Buttons key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CToolbar.TB4Client key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CShared.TB4Server2 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CShared.TB4Server key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CShared.TB4Script key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CShared.TB4Client key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\TypeLib\E79BB61D-7F1A-41DF-8AD0-402795E3B566 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\TypeLib\506F578A-91E1-46CE-830F-E2F4268E9966 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\TypeLib\438B047C-C041-4D15-98CF-A97C6B366C28 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\PROTOCOLS\Handler\rebinfo key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Interface\E9BBD270-4B87-4EE2-912F-6635674986C0 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Interface\B3BA5582-79A9-464D-A7FA-711C5888C6E9 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Interface\604EA016-1EDE-41E6-A23E-76CF8F2A4808 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Interface\41349826-5C7F-4BF0-8279-5DAF1DE6E9AE key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\Interface\01C78433-6FDF-4E5A-A82D-B535C32E03DF key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\EFB46ED3-8FD8-4051-8FD6-DD9CE7E63BEF key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\DB35C569-5624-4CFC-8043-E5139F55A073 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\CCB69577-088B-4004-9ED8-FF5BCC83A039 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\AF808758-C780-404C-A4EE-4526323FD9B6 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\8736C681-37A0-40C6-A0F0-4C083409151C key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\54ECA872-DB2A-4C6B-BBB2-F3777C6786CC key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\4EF645BD-65B0-4F98-AD56-D0437B7045F6 key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\1DDA201E-5B42-4352-933E-21A92B297E3B key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\183643C8-EE67-4574-9A38-927852E34163 Value [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Mozilla\Firefox\Extensions][email protected]=[%PROGRAM_FILES%]\REBATE~1\Firefox\ Value [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]RebateInformer=[%PROGRAM_FILES%]\REBATE~1\REBATE~1.EXE /STARTUP Value [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Mozilla\Firefox\Extensions][email protected]=[%PROGRAM_FILES%]\RebateInformer\Firefox\ Value [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]RebateInformer=[%PROGRAM_FILES%]\RebateInformer\RebateInf.exe /STARTUP
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What is HEIF file format and how to use it?
High Efficiency Image File Format (HEIF) is a container format for individual images and image sequences. The standard covers multimedia files that can also include other media streams, such as timed text, audio, and video. A HEIF image using High-Efficiency Video Coding, HEVC, requires only about half the storage space as the equivalent quality JPEG. HEIF also supports animation and is capable of storing more information than an animated GIF or APNG at a small fraction of the size. HEIF files are a special case of the ISO Base Media File Format (ISOBMFF, ISO/IEC 14496-12), first defined in 2001 as a shared part of MP4 and JPEG 2000. Introduced in 2015, it was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) and is defined as Part 12 within the MPEG-H media suite (ISO/IEC 23008-12). HEIF was adopted by Apple in 2017 with the introduction of iOS 11, and support on other platforms is growing.

HEIF files can store the following types of data:

Image items
Storage of individual images, image properties, and thumbnails.
Image derivations
Derived images enable non-destructive image editing and are created on the fly by the rendering software using editing instructions stored separately in the HEIF file. These instructions (rectangular cropping, rotation by one, two or three quarter-turns, timed graphic overlays, etc.) and images are stored separately in the HEIF file, and describe specific transformations to be applied to the input images. The storage overhead of derived images is small.
Image sequences
Storage of multiple time-related and/or temporally predicted images (like a burst-photo shot or cinemagraph animation), their properties, and thumbnails. Different prediction options can be used in order to exploit the temporal and spatial similarities between the images. Hence, file sizes can be drastically reduced when many images are stored in the same HEIF file.
Auxiliary image items
Storage of image data, such as an alpha plane or a depth map, which complements another image item. These data are not displayed as such but used in various forms to complement another image item.
Image metadata
Storage of EXIF, XMP and similar metadata which accompany the images stored in the HEIF file.
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The quick demise of the BRAVE browser
Brave browser has gained popularity very rapidly and many websites have gone into the territory of recommending it. Sadly although the browser kind of offered better performance, it seems that so much advertised privacy and security was a lie. Several months ago, Brave was involved in a “scandal”. Unfortunately, this incident did not get much media attention, and it’s hard to search for and discover as of today. There is an article on the Android police website explaining this issue in detail, you can check it here: https://www.androidpolice.com/2020/06/07/brave-browser-caught-adding-its-own-referral-codes-to-some-cryptcurrency-trading-sites/ But to sum things up and keep them short if you do not want to go through the full article, Brave had been injecting their affiliate codes into popular crypto-currency websites. This means that they had been intercepting your traffic, which they promised was secure by the way, and modifying it. This means Brave Software has access to all of your information on those crypto-currency sites as well. They can see your payments/purchases, and your activity on the websites (through affiliate statistics). Now some people might point out that they are not interested in crypto or have been visiting some of the sites but the issue still remains and that is they did all of this, without telling the user. They intentionally didn’t tell the user because they knew it would cause backlash and disruption. They knew one hundred percent what they were doing, and they knew it was unethical. And the point remains if something like this was already done, who knows what will come up in the future. Personal recommendation is to avoid Brave and go back to other browsers.
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How to Fix Error 0199, Security password retry
The errors that are caused by the BIOS of your computer can get annoying as they can be hard to fix for they are really dangerous and won’t be resolved by simple fixes. This is because of the fact that these kinds of errors do not even allow you to load your operating system as it throws the error even before you can access your computer. One of these errors is the “Error 0199: System Security – Security password retry count exceeded”. Fixing this error can be quite tricky but you need not worry for you will be guided in doing so. Simply follow the given instructions below.

Option 1 – Try to update the BIOS

Updating the BIOS can help you fix the “Error 0199, Security password retry count exceeded” error but as you know, BIOS is a sensitive part of a computer. Even though it is a software component, the functioning of the hardware depends on it largely. Thus, you must be careful when modifying something in the BIOS. So if you don’t know much about it, it’s best if you skip on this option and try the other ones instead. However, if you are well-versed in navigating the BIOS, then follow the steps below.
  • Tap the Win + R keys to open the Run dialog box.
  • Next, type “msinfo32” in the field and press Enter to open System Information.
  • From there, you should find a search field on the bottom where you have to search for the BIOS version and then press Enter.
  • After that, you should see the developer and version of the BIOS installed on your PC.
  • Go to your manufacturer’s website and then download the latest version of BIOS on your computer.
  • If you are using a laptop, make sure that you keep it plugged in until you have updated the BIOS.
  • Now double click on the downloaded file and install the new BIOS version on your computer.
  • Now restart your computer to apply the changes made.

Option 2 – Try resetting the BIOS

If updating the BIOS didn’t help in fixing Error 0199, you can try to reset the BIOS instead.
  • Start your computer and tap the F10 key during the booting process to enter the BIOS. If it does not work, you can try tapping the F1 or F2 key as well as the Del key.
  • Once you’re already in the BIOS, tap the F9 key to get the prompt to RestoreLoad default configuration now for the BIOS.
  • Next, click on Yes and then follow the next on-screen instructions that appear to set the BIOS back to its default settings.
  • Once you’re done restoring the default settings of the BIOS, restart your computer and then check if it now boots properly.
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